Pelmatochromis pulcher is a bright dwarf cichlid which is not very demanding as for its tank conditions.
From Latin «Pelva» means «abdomen», «chromis» – is a color and «pulcher» means beautiful, so all these words describe the fish completely. Especially when spawning the fish abdomen glitters and it becomes cherry colored.
Lionhead cichlid (Steatocranus casuarius) got its name due to the huge hump on a male’s forehead.
Nowadays, such specific features can be seen among many fishes (for example, flowerhorn) but earlier it was rather unusual. However, lionhead cichlids also differ from others in the way they swim.
The fish leans on a bottom as Goby do and swims jerkily which doesn’t look like the way the majority of fishes swim. This is due to the fact that in the wild lionhead cichlids inhabit in the basins with fast and strong water flow.
The fish under fins act as supports and its swim bladder has decreased in size significantly to make it heavier and thereby the fish can resist the water flow strength.
Jewel cichlid or african jewelfish (Hemichromis bimaculatus) is a cichlid that became famous due to its beauty and aggressiveness. Of course, red jewel cichlid is aggressive if it is kept together with guppies and danio.
But in case when turquoise jewel cichlid has tank mates of corresponding size and temper it’s no way a troublesome fish. The only exception is its spawning period, but who can consider a fish protecting its eggs an aggressive one?
Frontosa (Cyphotilapia frontosa, earlier named Paratilapia frontosa) is a very beautiful fish and it’s very popular among cichlid-fans. Etymology of the fish name Cyphotilapia is the following: Cypho from Greek means a “hunchback” and Tilapia when translated from the local dialect means “fish”.
The translation of the specific name frontosa from Latin means “with a big forehead”. Frontosa are perfect for the experienced aquarists. Frontosa fish is large with very nice, deep and contrastive coloring.
Cyphotilapia frontosa is a slow fish which doesn’t keep it from being Lake Tanganyika queen cichlid and raptorial feeder. In the wild frontosa cichlid spends a little energy to stalk its prey. These fish advantage is that they are nocturnal feeders and they don’t need a lot of light.