White cloud mountain minnow (Tanichthys albonubes)

White cloud mountain minnow (Tanichthys albonubes) is an ideal fish for those who are just getting to know aquarium husbandry.

These small and active creatures are not just nice, but also very simple in care and keeping.
546

xsliytiz

female
female

Inhabitance in the wild

Tanichthys albonubes species representatives were first found at White Cloud Mountain (also known as Baiyun Mountain) located several kilometers north of central Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China.

It gave the species its specific name – albonubes (alba nubes – from Latin is white clouds). White cloud mountain minnow habitat is the Pearl River delta area. Unfortunately, the species is extinct in its native habitat. In fact, “mountains” are made up of 3 peaks and they are a very popular place of tourism, including hotels, highways and public parks.

After the fish was discovered it’s been widely caught for aquarium trade, as a result White cloud mountain minnow became extinct in its former native habitats.

Since 1980 up to 2001 the fish species hasn’t been encountered in the wild and it was considered to be extinct. Later a small wildlife population of the fish was discovered in close proximity to its typical habitat on Hainan Island.

Ministry of Environmental Protection of China considers Tanichthys albonubes to be the species threatened with extinction and it has put the fish into the list of the endangered species of China into the second class of animals.

Description

These are small fish, white cloud mountain minnow body length is about 4 cm (roughly 1.5 in). The fish is rather plainly colored. The upper side of its back is yellowy-brown. There is silver blue and golden stripe that goes along the fish body from its eyes to the tail.

This stripe is more pronounced on white cloud mountain minnow juveniles’ body. Their back is greenish and the abdomen is white. The fins are lemon-yellow, dorsal, anal, abdominal fins top and the middle side of the fish fluke are red colored.

The fish dorsal and fluke have two main colors: lemon-yellow and bright-red. If this species is kept in a sickly planted tank with dark bottom substrate, the fish body gains inimitable purple color.

White cloud mountain minnow school made up of species of different age looks especially spectacular.

You may see intense silver-blue coloring of the juveniles together with ruby-red coloring of the adults and this can’t leave their spectators untouched. Quite often in private tanks you may encounter long finned Tanichthys albonubes species.

Difficulties in keeping

The fish is very plain and not demanding, peaceful and good-looking. Its small size and compatibility with other fishes make it a perfect choice for the beginners.

Keeping in a tank

Tanichthys albonubes tank should be at least 30 liters (8 gal) large. Despite the fact that the fish isn’t demanding to the tank decorations, taking into account the fish coloring it looks better in a planted tank with dark bottom substrate.

It will be good to add some fluctuant, tree branches and roots, some leaves into the tank. All of these will let you recreate the fish natural habitat. There’s no need in strong filtration in the tank, however still it should create some water flow in the tank.

The water temperature in the fish natural habitat varies both during a day and during a year. In winter the temperature drops up to 14 °C (57,2 F), in summer it gets its maximum value — 26 °C (78,8). The water temperature range 20°C-25°C (68-75 F) is the best for keeping White cloud mountain minnow in a tank.

Scientific NameTanichthys albonubes
Common NameWhite Cloud Mountain Minnow, Meteor Minnow, Golden White Cloud, White Cloud Mountain Minnow, Chinese Danio
Tank size8 gallons (30L) and more
TemperamentPeaceful
DietOmnivorous
Temperature20°C-25°C (68-75 F)
pH6.5-7.5
Size4 cm (1.5 in)

Feeding

Studies of the fish gut contents showed that the species is a micropredator. It feeds on small insects, worms, crustaceans and other kinds of zooplankton. In captivity White cloud mountain food may be any aquarium fish feed.

Nevertheless, for proper growth and intense coloring the fish diet should be diversified.

Amazon Best Sellers for White cloud mountain minnow
Food
Tropical Micro Pellet Fish FoodHiker Tropical Micro pellet 1.58Oz
Micro Pellets Are Small, Multi-Colored Pellets
Developed specifically for small-mouth fishes
TetraMin Tropical FlakesDoes not cloud water
A scientifically-developed blend that’s easily digested
Enhances color, maintains vitalitySupports long life
TetraColor Tropical FlakesTetraColor Flakes promote beautiful color in all tropical fish
and can be fed daily, alternating with Spirulina foods and treats
Enhanced with vitamin C and the
patented health-enhancing ProCare from TetraMin
New Life Spectrum Optimum All Purpose FlakeEasy to digest protein from whole Krill and whole Herring without soybean products
Formulated for all types of omnivore, herbivore and carnivore tropical fish
High nutrition density for less waste and cleaner water
Enhances the full spectrum of fish color
Gravel Cleaners
Python No Spill Clean and Fill Aquarium Maintenance SystemWill not disturb fish or decor during routine aquarium maintenance
Adapts easily to most faucets
Complete ready-to-use system
KEDSUM Aquarium Gravel Vacuum SiphonWith well-formed shape,compact structure, it is easy to install and operate
Suitable for the fish tank range: 50-100Gal (water depth:11.81-23.62 inch).
Aquarium Water Treatments
Seachem StabilitySuperior tank starter
Can’t overdose
Fresh and saltwater use
Seachem ReplenishReplaces Minerals Stripped By Ro Units
Prevents Osmotic Shock
Creates optimal conditioning
Seachem PrimeDechlorinates
Detoxifies heavy metals
Promotes natural slime coat
Economical
Will not overactivate protein skimmers
Aquarium Filters
AquaClear Power FilterQuick and easy installation
Filtration volume is up to 7 times larger than comparable filters
Comes equipped with AquaClear Foam, Activated Carbon and
BioMax and Cycle Guard for continuous biological filtration
and superior water quality
2-year warranty
Ideal for aquariums up to 5-110 gallons
Marineland Penguin Power FilterCertified flow rate of 350GPH
Perfect for all aquariums up to 70-gallon
Uses two Rite-Size C” filter cartridges
Delivers easy, three stage mechanical, chemical, and biological filtration
Convenient Penguin Rite Size Cartridges come ready to use with each filter
Aquarium Test Kits
API FRESHWATER MASTER TEST KIT 800-TestIncludes Freshwater pH, High Range pH, Ammonia, Nitrite, and Nitrate.
Kit features computer-analyzed laminated color cards, instruction booklet,
4 test tubes, a holding tray and test tube rac
Made in USA
Accurately monitors 5 most vital water parameters levels in freshwater aquariums:
pH, nitrite, nitrate, carbonate and general water hardness
Designed for use in freshwater aquariums only
Use for weekly monitoring and when water or fish problems appear
Tetra EasyStrips 6-in-1 Test StripsWith Tetra EasyStrips Now More Convenient to Test Your Water
More accurate hardness test
Reaction stops in 60 seconds to prevent false higher readings
Aquarium Décor
Zoo Med Tag Mopani WoodZoo Med Laboratories mopani Wood
A beautiful two color African hardwood for aquariums or terrariums
One of the hardest and densest woods available
Sinks immediately in aquariums and unlike driftwood, will not rot
Coco Philippines Java FernLIVE IMPORTED PHILIPPINES JAVA FERN — Microsorum pteropus “Philippine”,
or Philippines Java Fern is a beautiful species of underwater fern
Tantora Premium Grade Catappa Indian Almond Leaves50 Medium “Indian Almond Leaves” 5-7 Inches
All natural and organic; Rich in tannins
Antibacterial and anti-fungal properties
Stimulates fish and shrimp color
Marimo Moss BallsAesthetically Beautiful
Create Healthy Environment
Eco-Friendly, Low Maintenance & Curbs Algae Growth
Shrimps & Snails Love The
Luffy Coco Mini MosBuilds a Beautiful and Natural Aquascape
Easy Care, Hardy and Long Lasting Plant
Filters and Provides Aquariums with Oxygen

Compatibility

Tanichthys albonubes is very peaceful and therefore it is an ideal fish for community tank. White cloud mountain minnow tank mates may be the following species: black skirt tetra, glowlight tetra, betta fish, dwarf gourami, harlequin rasbora.

White cloud mountain minnow are not good tank mates for golden fish, despite the fact that quite often they are recommended as the fish tank mates. In the wild Tanichthys albonubes is a schooling species, that’s why you should buy 8-10 species at once.

Large number of the fish in the school will both decrease stress level of each fish and make observing the fish in the tank more spectaculous. We should mention that Tanichthys albonubes male shows its best coloring in a company of the female fish and rivals.

Sex differences

Tanichthys albonubes reproductive female is larger, than the male fish (Tanichthys albonubes maximum body length is 1.5 in) and it has rounded abdomen. The male fish body is thin and brighter colored.

Breeding

Tanichthys albonubes tank water surface should be covered with small leaved plants or with plants having developed root system. In the plants near the tank surface even in small tanks (20-30 l or 5-85 gal) some microorganisms grow, which are the food for Tanichthys albonubes juveniles. Large amount of tank plants and sufficient number of shelters in the tank are favourable conditions for White cloud mountain minnow spawning and growth.

For White cloud mountain minnow breeding you should renew 1/10 of the tank volume with fresh water once a week. In such conditions White cloud mountain minnow female starts to lay about 5-10 eggs on small leaved tank plants and it lasts for 3-4 weeks. Once White cloud mountain minnow juveniles appear in the tank it’s desirable to put some food for them into the tank – rotifers, infusorians.