Flame moss (Taxiphyllum sp. ‘Flame’) is the only known aquarium moss that grows its undulating shoots upwards. Bunches formed by this moss really resemble a flame, which makes it especially valuable in aquascaping. We should also mention that this moss has a bit darker green coloring, than that of the other aquarium mosses.
Phoenix Moss (Fissidens fontanus) got its Latin name due to the fact that its appearance resembles a frozen fountain – the plant grows from the center in many different directions like a streaming fountain. With the help of this moss you can create spots that will definitely attract spectators attention to your aquascape.
Christmas moss or Xmas Moss (lat. Vesicularia montagnei) – is an aquarium plant which together with Java moss makes the most widespread mosses in aquarium husbandry.
Christmas moss got its name due to the fact that its preformed shoots hang down and overlap each other like fir-tree branches and the moss itself resembles a fir-tree shape as well. However, green color of this moss is much brighter and lighter, than that of Java moss.
At the same time Christmas moss that grew provided with poor conditions (low illumination level, absence of CO2 and fertilizers, hard water, seldom water renews) is not that branchy and due to this it is very difficult to distinguish it from Java moss
Java moss (Vesicularia dubyana, but it may actually be Taxiphyllum barbieri) is an aquatic plant from Hypnaceae family. This is a popular aquarium plant. It was named after Swiss plant biologist Dubyana.
This plant is quite widely spread in amateur tanks due to its properties: simplicity and the fact that this moss is good as a spawning substrate for fish as well as its incredible decorative effect.