Quite a lot of aquarists beginners face the problem of how to control snails population in a tank (melania snail, ramshorn snail and snails from Physidae family), when their number becomes too big.
So, two questions rise simultaneously: how to get rid of these snails and where did they come from?
Well, if you haven’t put them into the tank on purpose, they could have got into it together with the bought tank plants whose leaves might have had snails eggs on them.
As it’s known many kinds of snails are hermaphrodite species and provided with good feed just one snail may create a thousand species. At that you won’t see snails juveniles, since usually they hide when they are small and then, after they grow up, they start appearing in all their number.
How to avoid snail infestation of aquarium
Usually, snails get into a new tank as eggs or as adult species brought together with tank plants, decorations or when removing fishes.
So, check all the plants for snail eggs or put the plants in the solution of Hydra-Tox, that kills snails eggs. But even the most attentive aquarists have snails in their tanks. Snails are of no hazard to a balanced tank.
Instead of fighting them, it’s better to control their population number, since their rapid breeding signalizes that there are some troubles in a tank.
How to control snails population growth in a tank
The main reason that causes the appearance of surplus number of snails in a tank is overfeed of tank fishes. The snails feed on fishes meals leftovers and their number grows exponentially.
If they have become a problem in a tank, first check if the fishes aren’t overfed.
Usually the leftovers accumulate in the tank substrate and become feed storage for snails, therefore the second task is to siphonate the substrate and remove them.
Also snails feed on algae and if you don’t have Ancistrus or other alike catfishes in your tank, it’s worth to put them into it to create nutritive competing conditions.
Besides, catfishes feed on snail’s eggs.
How to get rid of snails? Efficient ways
Chemical approach (shortest way)
It is more often used by beginners due to its seeming simplicity. Chemicals that kill snails should be harmless to other tank inhabitants, but experienced aquarists will tell you that this approach can be used only if you don’t care if other tank inhabitants will survive.
Especially if in a tank you have shrimps which are very sensitive to such chemical substances, since usually they contain copper that is poisonous to all spineless species. Try not to overdose the chemical substance, since it can be lethal to all your tank. For example, you can use Seachem Cupramine Copper.
Manual removing of snails
This is the most tiring and exhausting approach. But the majority of aquarists still use it. Usually, it’s done when cleaning the tank and the snails are removed, too.
Though, this isn’t the way to get rid of snails completely, but it helps to control their population.
Vegetable bait for snails
Snails love vegetables such as lettuce, cucumber or cabbage. Pieces of these vegetables can be used as a bait.
In the evening put some vegetables on the plate on the tank bottom, in the morning you’ll see a number of snails there and you can remove them from the tank.
Another one way that guaranteedly will help you to get rid of snails is:
- Take a banana
- Put its skin into some warm place for several hours
- When the skin gets dark, put it into the tank (better in the evening) and turn the lights of
- In the morning you’ll see a number of shellfish on the banana skin. You’ll have to just throw them away
- If you do this about 3-4 times, you’ll take quite a lot of snails out of the tank
The only drawback of such an approach is that the water gets a bit muddy (it becomes chalky), but it’s ok, it’ll pass in 2-3 days.
As well as manual removing of snails out of the tank this approach is unlikely to help you to free the tank from snails completely, but this way you’ll be able to control their population.
The natural approach – traps for snails (almost does not work)
Traps for snails are manufactured by many companies nowadays, you can always order them over the Internet.
They are different in their construction, but they act all in the same way – a snail smells the feed, gets inside the trap and can’t get out.
This is the good way to decrease the number of snails, but it requires time and constant efforts.
Natural approach – fishes that feed on snails (not for all)
There are several types of tank fishes that feed on snails. The best one is green spotted puffer (Tetraodon nigroviridis), since snails are the main feed for them just like for all species of this family.
Tetraodon nigroviridis is the most efficient fish to fight snails, but this is a rather badly behaved fish – it can attack other tank inhabitants and feed on prawns.
Except this fish also a freshwater clown loach eats snails.
The fish is large and easily eats ramshorn snails, but it won’t crack the hard shell of MTS snail.
The drawbacks of keeping such a fish in a tank is that it’s a large one and they should be kept in a school which isn’t always possible.
Also paradise fish (Macropodus), gourami and other anabantids feed on snails, though they eat snails only if hungry. Therefore such fishes aren’t very efficient if the task is to get rid of snails completely.
Crustaceans also can give you a hand when dealing with snails population number in a tank. For example, Macrobrachium – it is a prawn about 6-7 cm long or more. It’s completely peaceful, but if you don’t feed it and it’s hungry and angry, it’s rather capable to eliminate all the snails.
Natural way – predator snails (most efficient and ecological way)
Predator assassin snail (Antentome helena) are sarcophagus species and they eat other kinds of snails.
Recently they’ve become very popular and they are easy to buy. These are good looking snails with cone-shaped shell. They grow to be 1-2 cm big. Helena snails can decrease number of tank snails significantly and even to get rid of them at all. If this happens, they start feeding like all other snails, however such a diet isn’t common for them.
Aquarists who keep assassin snails in a tank are the ones who solve the problem of other snails population number once and for all and at that they always have ..snails in their tanks.
Snails in the tank: is it good or bad?
It is for you to decide if snails will be your tank inhabitants or not. They can both do harm and do good for a tank. So what is the role of snails in a tank balance?
Benefits of aquarium snails presence in a tank
- Snails are natural cleaners: they clean the bottom substrate from feed leftovers, dead fishes, fish excrements, rotten parts of tank plants, remove biological slime on water surface, fur on tank walls.
- These shellfishes play an important role in maintaining of tank biological equilibrium, and some snails behavior (for example, Melanie snails) indicates the purity of tank bottom substrate and water, which helps the aquarist to notice and solve the contamination problem timely.
- Snails are beautiful in their own way and they can be a decoration element in the tank.
Drawbacks of aquarium snails presence in a tank
- When there isn’t enough of other food in a tank, snails can eat and damage tank plants.
- There may appear a problem of snails overpopulation (and lack of oxygen correspondingly), since the majority of snails breed rather intensively.
If you’ve decided to keep snails in your tank there are things to remember:
- You can’t bring snails from outdoor waters to your tank, because together with them you may bring infection into it.
- It’s desirable for the tank to be covered with a lid, since some snails (especially apple snail) may run away from the tank.
- Don’t overfeed the fishes, since their food leftovers are the reason why snails breed so rapidly.
Paul Townsend is a founder and author of Meethepet.com. He’s been fond of aquarium husbandry since his early childhood.
His favorite aquariums are biotopes (Amazon River), Echinodorus and Angelfish. However, through the years he’s had experience of keeping almost all types of freshwater fish and shrimps.
Last update on 2019-10-13 at 21:51 / Affiliate links / Images from Amazon Product Advertising API