Cyperus helferi is one of those few plants, which actually are not aquatic ones, but they adapt quite well to dwelling in tanks. The plant is a rather popular one and not very challenging to keep. Native to Thailand, this plant features long, thin, and vibrant green leaves that grow in a circular pattern, resembling an dwarf papyrus.
Ceratophyllum demersum, commonly known as Hornwort, is a submerged aquatic plant that belongs to the family Ceratophyllaceae. It is widely distributed across the globe, found in both freshwater and brackish water environments. Hornwort is the most popular tank plant for beginners! Why? Well, simply because it is not demanding and it can grow at low illumination level, in cold water, easily reproduces and it doesn’t cost a fortune. Moreover, this plant is a good biological filter. Firstly, because it collects all ‘rubbish’ on itself including fish waste products and rot off organic matter. Secondly, because this plant effectively ‘pulls out’ nitrates (nitrogen cycle end product) from the water.
Amazon frogbit (Limnobium laevigatum) is a kind of aquatic plants of Hydrocharitaceae family. This is a popular undemanding floating tank plant with round glossy leaves. Provided with proper conditions it can cover all the tank surface with its leaves. In this case you should remove excessive amount of plants. The plant has round, green leaves with a smooth texture and produces small white flowers. Limnobium laevigatum is often used in ponds and aquariums as an ornamental plant due to its attractive appearance. However, it can become invasive if not properly managed, so caution should be exercised when introducing it to new environments.
Among popular tank plants there are two species with prefix Java. This is Java moss and Java fern. Our article is about the latter. Java Fern, also known by its scientific name Microsorum pteropus, is a popular aquatic plant species among aquarium enthusiasts. It belongs to the family Polypodiaceae and is native to Southeast Asia